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Shock wave therapy apparatus

The new study shows that FES can significantly improve The symmetry of The horse's fibula muscles in 8 weeks. 

The study was presented at the (AAEP) meeting of the American Equestrian Association in San Antonio, Texas, in November 2017.

Principle:


The application of functional electrical stimulation (FES) in rehabilitation therapy。 Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is the application of computer-controlled electrical impulses to the skin surface via electrodes。 The resulting waveform simulates the motor neuron signals that the brain sends to muscles, causing muscles to contract。

The ability of FES to replicate bodily functions is why this approach is called functional electrical stimulation.

In recent decades, FES has been successfully applied in the field of human medicine to restore normal function of injured tissue, thus improving the chances of full recovery。

Decades of rehabilitation work, combined with research results and practical experience, have proven that the body does not recover in an effective way. Currently, methods and techniques are available to assist in the body's repair process, enabling the injured tissue to return to normal function.

FES is used in rehabilitation to train injured tissue with specific motion parameters, thus reducing the chance of further injury due to incorrect and / or uncontrolled exercise. Because the mobilization of injured tissue is easily controlled by FES, the rehabilitation process can begin earlier, and even acute injury can be treated.

The rehabilitation technique of horses is similar to that of humans。

However, the horse's body presents specific characteristics that must be taken into account in planning rehabilitation。

First of all, horses are much better organized than humans.

Because of this property, it is difficult to enter the deep structure from the skin surface.

FES treatment is very effective in horses because the signal reaches 4 inches below the surface of the skin and thus into deep muscles tendons and ligaments.

Second, some rehabilitation models designed for humans are too uncomfortable for horses.

During treatment, FES feels like a deep muscle massage because complex software mimics electrical signals naturally generated between the brain and the body。

Horses can be treated with FES without tranquilizers.

One of the most common forms of FES is a pacemaker, which stimulates the heart by releasing a series of specific charges.

Electrical stimulation of FES is also an alternative to neurological loss in patients with spinal cord injury.

In this way, muscle movements can be copied so precisely that patients who cannot control their lower limbs can step on a stationary bicycle。

At present, prosthetic design will use FES technology to achieve more normal limb movements for users.

Exercise of soft and hard tissues (except fractures) is an important part of early recovery. FES provides a good means to mobilize muscles tendons and associated ligaments by generating and controlling muscle contractions. Many studies have shown that the quality of injury or surgical repair is associated with early mobilization of the injured site. However, these operations must be done with a thorough understanding of the body's specific biomechanical parameters.

We used to think that the body could repair itself, but that's not the case。

In order to achieve the best quality of treatment, intervention through appropriate rehabilitation programs is essential。

The FES process has been successfully used to:


Acute or chronic injury

Relax spasmodic muscles

Reduction of myofascial pain syndrome

Treatment of tendon and ligament injury

Reduce edema

Improved circulation

There are many different types of electrical stimuli FES is just one of them.

Electrical stimulation devices must be carefully evaluated to correctly select effective and comfortable treatments。

Different systems are used for different purposes, and some confusion about the benefits of electrical stimulation is due to a lack of understanding of the types of systems used for specific problems。

Moreover, animals may not necessarily accept a system that humans can tolerate very well。

Therefore, it is particularly important for veterinarians to choose the appropriate treatment。

Understanding different types of systems and how they work will help practitioners find the best way to use them。

Discussion of various electrical stimuli can be found in the "types of muscle and nerve stimulators" section of this site.

Generally speaking, the FES signal is generated by the current, which passes through the voltage to make the electron pass through the resistance of the body.

These resistors are skin and muscles, tendons, ligaments or bones, and currents must be strong enough to pass through these tissues。

Because of the size of the horse's muscle system, the intensity of the signal is the most important when compared with humans, otherwise the deep muscles of the horse will not be affected。

At high intensity, however, the signal must copy the body's charge closely in order to treat it comfortably and effectively。

When the voltage is strong enough, the muscle or nerve produces an action potential.

The level of intensity required for an action potential is called a threshold level.

The membrane of sensory neurons and motor neurons can produce action potentials.

Action potential has two main functions:

1. Fast transmission of information over long distances in nerve and muscle fibers.

2。 Control effects such as muscle contraction, neurotransmitter and hormone release。

To determine whether electrical stimulation is treatable, veterinarians should conduct a thorough diagnostic examination。

The type of injury (sprain, fracture, tear, hematoma, etc.) and the stage of injury (acute, repair, chronic, etc.) must be determined first.

Then, you can select the right treatment for the injury to evaluate.

In horse rehabilitation treatment, FES electrical stimulation is generally used for three basic purposes:

1。Stimulation of muscles, tendons and ligaments to restore normal movement of injured tissues

2。Promote edema reduction and tissue healing by increasing blood circulation and lymph due to muscle movement

3. Stimulation of muscle movement and sensory nerves to treat pain

Other uses of FES electrical stimulation include:

1。 Reverse muscle consumption (for EPM rehabilitation)

2. Increased scope of activities

3. Wound healing

One of the most common confusion is that electrical stimulation and magnetic therapy are the same.

It's not.

Magnetic therapy uses negative magnetic field and positive magnetic field to influence blood flow passively.

Magnetic therapy does not cause muscle contractions, nor does it penetrate into human tissues。

There are two basic types of magnets, one is a static magnet without electricity, the other is an electromagnetic system that requires electrical connection.

These systems can be continuous or impulsive and are used only to affect blood flow rather than start muscle contraction.

Equipment description:


Durable lightweight aluminium case

Display panel protection processing

A rechargeable battery that lasts for 12 hours

Replaceable life battery

Quickly disconnect cable to prevent accidental breakage

Protective carton with attachment belt

Performance features 100% full hardware and software warranty per year

30 days 100% refund guarantee

Products designed for horses

6 electrodes, wider coverage

Software upgrade

Excellent overload protection

Optimal accuracy of 16-bit Microcontroller

Panel shows treatment time to second

The panel shows the peak voltage of the actual application, not just the knob value

Separate custom cushions for the back and legs

The extra gasket was replaced between the horses

Fastening electrodes with nylon fasteners for cushions

VickerStack customizable electrode location

Comfortable surface connection system for horses, so wires are safe

Exquisite travel bags

Leg pad:


Size 9。5 "× 11"

Fabric cover: 100% Cordura nylon

Lining fabric: 100% nylon.

Detachable lining can be cleaned separately

Two detachable inner gaskets

Rapid drying

Easy to clean and disinfect

High quality nylon fastener closure

Maintain appearance through long-term use

Electrodes can be removed completely from the gasket for machine cleaning and disinfection

Back treatment pad:


Size: 17 "x 23"

Fabric cover: 100% corduroy nylon

Lining fabric: 100% nylon。

Detachable lining can be cleaned separately。

Two detachable inner gaskets

Rapid drying

Easy to clean and disinfect

High quality nylon fastener closure

Maintain appearance through long-term use

Electrodes can be removed completely from the gasket for machine cleaning and disinfection


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